A new article co-authored with Jan Delhey and Katharina Cirlanaru titled Between 'Class Project and Individualization: The Stratification of Europeans' Transnational Activities is now available in the latest issue of International Sociology.
In this article we examine which social groups are most involved in transnational activities such as studying and working abroad, following foreign news, or having friends from other countries, how this varies across European societies and why. One of our findings is that the upper social classes are more transnationally active than the lower ones and that this gap in transnational activity is larger in more affluent countries (see figure on the right).
A new article, "Measuring the Europeanization of Everyday Life: Three New Indices and an Empirical Application", co-authored by Jan Delhey, Timo Graf, Katharina Richter and myself is now available in European Societies.
Abstract: This article seeks to conceptually clarify the measurement of Europeanization from a transactional perspective. Following Karl Deutsch, we regard cross-border practices and sense of community as constitutive for an emerging European society. But we critically reassess how this approach has been put into empirical practice by contemporary scholars. Typically, too much attention is paid to absolute Europeanization, and too little to relative Europeanization. In order to properly investigate the European society as situated between the nation-state and the world society, we argue that Europeanization involves both national openness (the salience of Europe compared to the nation-state) and external closure (the salience of Europe compared to the world). Three indices are suggested to capture relative Europeanization and its major components. Recent Eurobarometer and European Values Study data on practices and attitudes of EU citizens is used to illustrate our approach empirically. The results demonstrate that external closure adds a new layer of information for understanding everyday life Europeanization. We also find a bifurcation between practices for which Europe is the more relevant reference frame (as compared to the world) and attitudes for which it is not.
Key words: European society, Europeanization, globalization, transnationalism, transactions, European identity
Delhey, J. Deutschmann, E., Graf, T. & Richter, K. (2014). "Measuring the Europeanization of Everyday Life: Three New Indices and an Empirical Application", European Societies, 16(3): 355-377.